Brain Disorders

I INTRODUCTION Brain, Disorders of the problems with brain function that may arise through birth defects, disease, or damage to the brain resulting from stroke or physical injury. The brain controls movement, coordination, perception, and speech, as well as directing many basic bodily functions; it is where cognition takes place and is the seat of […]


I INTRODUCTION Schizophrenia, a term for a group of mental disorders marked by a variety of symptoms. Literally, the term means “split mind”, but, contrary to a common misconception, schizophrenia does not imply a split personality, in the sense of someone acting as two different people. Not until the 20th century was schizophrenia distinguished from […]

Stress-Related Disorders

I INTRODUCTION Stress-Related Disorders, diseases or injuries brought on or worsened by psychological stress. These psychosomatic disorders commonly involve the autonomic nervous system, which controls the body’s internal organs. Some kinds of a headache and facial pain, asthma, stomach ulcers, high blood pressure, and certain kinds of injury, such as repetitive strain injury and backache, […]

Mental Disorders

I INTRODUCTION Mental Disorders, abnormal or unstable behaviour, thoughts, or feelings. People are defined as mentally disordered because they behave, think, or feel differently from most others. However, even the most bizarre and strange behaviour can often make sense, once it is understood why the person is thinking and feeling that way. It is impossible […]


I INTRODUCTION Globalization, the concept that encapsulates the growth of connections between people on a planetary scale. Globalization involves the reduction of barriers to trans-world contacts. Through it, people become more able—physically, legally, culturally, and psychologically—to engage with each other in “one world”. Global connections take many forms. For instance, jet aeroplanes transport passengers and […]


I INTRODUCTION Counter-Culture, in sociology, a set of values and associated behavioural patterns alternative and opposed to those dominant in a society or community which are actively rejected by followers of the counter-culture who derive a sense of a distinct identity or common cause from their opposition to the established values and patterns of life. […]


I INTRODUCTION Volleyball, a six-a-side court game played by hitting an inflated ball back and forth over a high net. Points are scored by successfully landing the ball in the court of the opponents without its being returned. II COURT AND EQUIPMENT The volleyball court, 30 by 60 ft (9.14 by 18.29 m) in the […]


I INTRODUCTION Fencing, the art of attack and defence with a sword or similar weapon. Modern fencing is a recreational and competitive sport, but it follows the rules and techniques originally developed for efficient swordplay in duelling. II HISTORY During the Middle Ages, the sword was an offensive weapon used for cracking armour, and the […]


I INTRODUCTION Boxing, the athletic contest between two people, each of whom uses the fists to try to knock the other unconscious or to inflict enough punishment to cause the opponent either to quit or to be judged beaten. A boxing match is conducted under established rules and procedures and has a referee, judges, and […]


I INTRODUCTION Basketball, sport, usually played on an indoor court in which two competing teams of five players each attempt to score points or “baskets” by throwing an inflated ball so that it descends through one of two baskets suspended, at each end of the court, above their heads. The team scoring the most such […]