Degree, Academic

I INTRODUCTION Degree, Academic, title granted by a college or university, usually signifying completion of an established course of study. Honorary degrees are conferred as marks of distinction, not necessarily of scholarship. II HISTORY Institutions of higher learning have granted degrees since the 12th century. The word itself was then used for the baccalaureate and […]

Literacy

I INTRODUCTION Literacy, the ability to read and write at a level for an individual to operate and progress in the society they live in. It is sometimes further defined as the ability to decode written or printed signs, symbols, or letters, combined into words. In 1958 UNESCO defined an illiterate person as someone “who […]

Educational Broadcasting

I INTRODUCTION Educational Broadcasting, use of radio and television to assist teaching and learning. Pioneers of wireless telegraphy (radio), such as Marconi, working 100 or so years ago, believed the new technology would soon be put to useful purposes. Shortly after it was set up in 1922, the British Broadcasting Company, later the British Broadcasting […]

Education Act 1944

Education Act 1944, legislation that radically changed the structure of education in England and Wales. Rab Butler, as Minister of Education, championed the progression of the Act, and it is after him that the Act is commonly known: “The Butler Act”. The Act affected education in four main ways. First, it increased the role and […]

Indo-European Languages

I INTRODUCTION Indo-European Languages, the most widely spoken family of languages in the world (although not the largest language family in the world), containing the following nine subfamilies: Albanian, Armenian, Baltic, Celtic, Germanic, Greek, Indo-Iranian, Italic (including the Romance languages), Slavic; and five extinct subfamilies, Anatolian (including Hittite), Phrygian, Thracian, Tocharian, and an Unclassified group […]

Degree, Academic

I INTRODUCTION Degree, Academic, title granted by a college or university, usually signifying completion of an established course of study. Honorary degrees are conferred as marks of distinction, not necessarily of scholarship. II HISTORY Institutions of higher learning have granted degrees since the 12th century. The word itself was then used for the baccalaureate and […]

Education, Military

I INTRODUCTION Education, Military, training of the officers and enlisted (or conscripted) personnel of a nation’s military and naval forces. The goal of such training is to equip members of the services with the basic skills and discipline needed for appropriate action under the stress of combat. Qualified personnel may receive more formal education to […]

Education, Medical

Education, Medical, a process by which individuals acquire and maintain the skills necessary for the effective practice of medicine. To train as a conventional doctor in the Western world a person needs to have achieved a good level of understanding in the sciences (for example, physics, chemistry, biology), either at senior (high) school or at […]

Education, Physical

I INTRODUCTION Education, Physical, instruction in various kinds of physical activity to promote the physical development and well-being of the individual. Physical education is generally taught in schools from nursery to secondary level, and in some countries, including Britain, is a compulsory part of the curriculum. It involves organized sports, gymnastics, dance, athletic activities, swimming, […]

Education, Multicultural

I INTRODUCTION Education, Multicultural, educational approach that celebrates the cultural diversity of contemporary society. Its basic premise is that by exposing all children to the social and cultural customs of ethnic minority communities living in their country, they will have a greater understanding and tolerance of people from different backgrounds This article deals only with […]