I INTRODUCTION Buddhism, a major world religion, founded in north-eastern India and based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, who is known as the Buddha, or Enlightened One. Originating as a monastic movement within the dominant Brahman tradition of the day, Buddhism quickly developed in a distinctive direction. The Buddha not only rejected significant aspects […]

Khmer Rouge

Khmer Rouge, Cambodian revolutionary movement, notorious for its policies of genocide. In 1963 Pol Pot, then a Communist teacher named Saloth Sar, founded the movement to oppose Cambodia’s Prince Norodom Sihanouk. The prince at first attacked the Khmer Rouge, then allied with them with United Nations support after the coup d’état led by Lon Nol […]


Khmer, the dominant group (about 5 million people) in Cambodia (formerly Kampuchea), comprising over 87 percent of the national population. The Khmer moved down from the area now known as Thailand into the Mekong Delta before 200 bc. Over the following centuries, their culture was subject to a series of waves of Indian influence. The […]